Graph databases

List of graph databases: RDF triplestores and property graphs.

RDF triplestores#

Ontotext GraphDB#

Docker Image Version (latest by date)

Ontotext GraphDB™ triplestore includes a web UI, various data visualizations, OntoRefine, SHACL validation, RDFS/OWL reasoning to infer new triples and the possibility to deploy multiple repositories. It uses mainly the rdf4j framework.

Download the zip file of GraphDB standalone free version 9.3.0, and place it in d2s-core/support/graphdb before building the image using d2s update(this step is also prompted during d2s init).

d2s start graphdb
docker build -t graphdb --build-arg version=9.3.0 d2s-core/support/graphdb
docker run -d --rm --name graphdb -p 7200:7200 \
-v $(pwd)/workspace/graphdb:/opt/graphdb/home \
-v $(pwd)/workspace/import:/root/graphdb-import \

Access at http://localhost:7200/

See the official Ontotext GraphDB™ documentation and the source code for Docker images for more details.

Obtain a license for more features such as performance improvement, easy deployment using the official DockerHub image or distributed deployment on multiple nodes with Kubernetes.

GraphDB allow to perform bulk load on large files using a second container:

  • Change the repository to be created and loaded in workspace/graphdb/preload-config.ttl (default: demo)
  • Put the files to be loaded in workspace/import/preload 📩
  • Start graphdb-preload docker container
d2s start graphdb-preload

When the preload has completed, the graphdb-preload container will stop, you can then copy the loaded repository from workspace/graphdb/preload-data/repositories to the running GraphDB folder:

cp -r workspace/graphdb/preload-data/repositories/* workspace/graphdb/data/repositories/

And access the newly loaded repository in the running GraphDB instance without downtime.

See additional d2s documentation about setting up GraphDB



Docker Image Version (latest by date)

OpenLink Virtuoso triplestore. Available on DockerHub.

d2s start virtuoso
docker run --name virtuoso \
-p 8890:8890 -p 1111:1111 \
-v $(pwd)/workspace/virtuoso:/data \
-d tenforce/virtuoso

Access at http://localhost:8890/ and SPARQL endpoint at http://localhost:8890/sparql.

Admin username: dba

CORS can be enabled following those instructions. See our complete Virtuoso documentation for more details.

Clear the Virtuoso triplestore using this command:

docker exec -it d2s-virtuoso isql-v -U dba -P dba exec="RDF_GLOBAL_RESET ();"



Docker Image Version (latest by date)

A high-performance RDF graph database. See its documentation for Docker.

Not developed for 4 years but still efficient and used by Wikidata. It uses mainly the rdf4j framework.

d2s start blazegraph
# Start triplestore with specific UID and GID for the bulk load (UI)
# Tested on Ubuntu with $UID=1000 and nothing in $GROUPS (by default)
docker run --name blazegraph \
-p 8082:8080 \
-v $(pwd)/workspace/import:/data \
# To bulk load: create the dataloader.txt file
# And submit it using a HTTP POST query to load all nt files in /data/d2s-workspace
curl -X POST \
--data-binary @dataloader.txt \
--header 'Content-Type:text/plain' \

UID and Group ID needs to be set in order to have the right permission to bulk load a file (example given for Ubuntu). And can be rewritten, see example.

Access UI at http://localhost:8082/bigdata

SPARQL endpoint at http://localhost:8080/bigdata/sparql (original port)

To clear the graph go to the update tab and enter clear all

Follow those instructions to enable CORS on Blazegraph SPARQL endpoint.

Jena Fuseki#

Docker Image Version (latest by date)

Fuseki is a SPARQL server on top of Apache TDB RDF store, for single machines. It uses mainly the Jena framework.

d2s start fuseki
docker run -d --name fuseki -p 3030:3030 -v $(pwd)/workspace/fuseki:/fuseki -v $(pwd)/workspace/import:/staging stain/jena-fuseki

Access at http://localhost:3030

Bulk load files in demo dataset from workspace/import (container needs to be stopped):

docker-compose -f d2s-core/docker-compose.yml \
run -v $(pwd)/workspace/import:/staging \
stain/jena-fuseki ./ demo test1.ttl test2.nt

If you don't specify any filenames to, all filenames directly under /staging that match these GLOB patterns will be loaded:

*.rdf *.rdf.gz *.ttl *.ttl.gz *.owl *.owl.gz *.nt *.nt.gz *.nquads *.nquads.gz



Docker Image Version (latest by date)

AllegroGraph® is a modern, high-performance, persistent graph database. It supports SPARQL, RDFS++, and Prolog reasoning from numerous client applications.

d2s start allegrograph
docker run -d -m 1g -v $(pwd)/workspace/allegrograph:/data -p 10000-10035:10000-10035 --shm-size 1g --name allegrograph franzinc/agraph:v6.6.0

Access at http://localhost:10035

Default login: test / xyzzy

See official documentation for bulk load.

TODO: fix shared volumes


Docker Image Version (latest by date)

AnzoGraph® DB by Cambridge Semantics. See its official documentation to deploy with Docker.

  • Unregistered Free edition limited to 8G RAM, single user and single node deployment.

  • Register to access the 16G single node deployment for free.

  • Deploy AnzoGraph on multi-server cluster for horizontal scaling with the Enterprise Edition 💶

d2s start anzograph
docker run -d -p 8086:8080 -p 8443:8443 --name anzograph -v $(pwd)/workspace/anzograph:/opt/anzograph cambridgesemantics/anzograph:2.0.2

Access at http://localhost:8086

Default login: admin / Passw0rd1.

Kubernetes deployment available using Helm.

Linked Data Fragments Server#


Docker Image Version (latest by date)

Technically not a triplestore, server supporting the Memento protocol to timestamped SPARQL querying over multiple linked data sources, e.g. HDT or SPARQL.

d2s start ldf-server
docker run -p 8085:3000 -t -i --rm \
-v $(pwd)/workspace/hdt-archives:/data \
-v $(pwd)/workspace/ldfserver-config.json:/tmp/config.json \
umids/ldf-server:latest /tmp/config.json
# Query example
curl -IL -H "Accept-Datetime: Wed, 15 Apr 2013 00:00:00 GMT" http://localhost:3000/timegate/dbpedia?subject=http%3A%2F%2Fdata2services%2Fmodel%2Fgo-category%2Fprocess

HDT archives goes in workspace/hdt-archives and the config file is in workspace/ldfserver-config.json

Access at http://localhost:8085

Property graphs#



Docker Image Version (latest by date)

Not supporting RDF, Neo4j is a property graph database. It uses Cypher as query language.

d2s start neo4j
docker run -p 7474:7474 -p 7687:7687 -v $(pwd)/workspace/neo4j:/data neo4j

Access at http://localhost:7474, volume shared at workspace/neo4j

Login with neoj4 / neo4j and change the password.virtu

Additional triplestores#


Docker Image Version (latest by date)

Licensed RDF triplestore 📜

See the official Stardog documentation for Docker. A JavaScript wrapper is available to communicate with Stardog API and SPARQL endpoint.

docker run -v $(pwd)/workspace/stardog-license:/var/opt/stardog -e STARDOG_SERVER_JAVA_ARGS="-Xmx8g -Xms8g -XX:MaxDirectMemorySize=2g" stardog/stardog:latest

✔️ If you have a Stardog license, then put stardog-license-key.bin in the workspace/stardog-license folder.

❌ If you don't have a license key, you will be able to retrieve a trial license-key via the command line once you start Stardog.


Licensed RDF triplestore 📜

Follow the GitHub Docker instructions to deploy it.

You will need to download the MarkLogic Server 📥


Licensed RDF triplestore 📜

RDFox is a in-memory triplestore only supporting triples. RDFox is a main-memory, scalable, centralized data store that allows users to efficiently manage graph-structured data represented according to the RDF data model, run reasoning engines, and query that data using the SPARQL 1.1 query language.

See the documentation to deploy it using docker.

Last updated on by Vincent Emonet